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Udjat This symbol is named after the sound Eye of the Egyptian god Horus.  According to legend, Horus (the younger) lost his left eye while battling his uncle Set, which then fell to pieces.  It was found by Thoth who reassembled it.  It is now a universal symbol representing higher knowledge, inner vision and insight into occult mysteries.  The eye symbol also represents the marking around a Peregrine Falcon's eye that includes the 'teardrop' marking sometimes found below the eye.

The Udjat was regarded as a powerful protective amulet, and is frequently found in tombs, on coffins and on the seal which was placed over an incision in a mummy through which the internal organs were removed.  The mirror image, or left eye, sometimes represented the moon and the god Djehuti (Thoth).  See also Eye of Horus.

Ukranian Trident See Tryzub.

Undines Within the Paracelsian concept, an elemental is a mythical being described in occult and Alchemical works from around the time of the European Renaissance and particularly elaborated upon in the 16th century CE works of Paracelsus.  From the classical Paracelsian perspective there are four elemental categories: Gnomes, Undines, Sylphs and Salamanders.  These correspond with the classical elements of antiquity: Earth, Fire, Water or AirAether (quintessence) was not assigned an elemental.

The elementals whose domain is the water element are known as Undines.  These beautiful, supple mermaid-like beings are subtle and swift in their movements and can change form rapidly.  The Undines control the tides and have much to do with the climate as well as oxygenation and precipitation.

They cleanse not only the physical waters, but also that aspect of mankind's life that relates to the water element, our emotional and subconscious world.  See also Water.

Unicorn The unicorn is a legendary creature that has been described since antiquity as a beast with a single large, pointed, spiralling horn projecting from its forehead.  The unicorn was depicted in ancient seals of the Indus Valley Civilisation and was mentioned by the ancient Greeks in accounts of natural history by various writers, including Ctesias, Strabo, Pliny the Younger, Aelian and Cosmas Indicopleustes.  The Bible also describes an animal, the re'em, which some versions translate as unicorn.

In European folklore, the unicorn is often depicted as a white horse-like or goat-like animal with a long horn and cloven hooves (sometimes a goat's beard).  In the Middle Ages and Renaissance, it was commonly described as an extremely wild woodland creature, a symbol of purity and grace, which could be captured only by a virgin.  In the encyclopaedias, its horn was said to have the power to render poisoned water potable and to heal sickness.  In mediaeval and Renaissance times, the tusk of the narwhal was sometimes sold as unicorn horn.

Even in the twenty-first century CE, the unicorn holds a place in popular culture, and is often used as a symbol of fantasy or rarity.

While all seems to be sweetness and light with the unicorn some believe it to be a symbol of scandal.  Others believe the unicorn to be a symbol of femininity and Christians believe it is a symbol of the Virgin Mary.  The unicorn is also often pictured as a guardian of the Tree of Life, and is often pictured standing on either side of it.

Unicursal Hexagram The Unicursal Hexagram should not be confused with the Hexagram.  It is a 'gateless' version of the hexagram, i.e. it can be drawn without removing the drawing/etching implement from the surface and was designed by the ceremonial magician Aleister Crowley (1875 - 1947) as the symbol of his Order of the Silver Star, Astrum Argentum AA.  No evil spirit or unwanted energy is thought to be able to penetrate the etched pattern where there is no 'lifting' of the knife or pencil.

Unification Church of the United States The Unification Church of the United States is a religious movement based in the United States of America (USA).  It began in the 1950s and 1960s CE when missionaries from Japan and South Korea were sent to the USA by the International Unification Church's founder and leader, ‘Reverend’ Sun Myung Moon (1920 - 2012), to found a church there.

The Unification Church of the United States, its members more commonly known by the derogatory term 'Moonies', is a personality cult formed by and around ‘Reverend’ Moon, who claimed he was the ‘Second Coming of Jesus’.  In 1965 Moon visited the USA and established what he called ‘holy grounds’ in each of the 48 contiguous states.  In 1971 he moved to the States and began recruiting from among the counterculture in Berkeley and San Francisco, expanding to most USA cities by 1973.  Moon would arrange marriages of church members and hold mass wedding ceremonies of couples where they were placed in those marriages with people they had barely met.  Members lived together communally, and the stereotype of the typical ‘Moonie’ became ‘a brainwashed follower selling flowers in the airport’.  The Unification Church has been repeatedly accused of splitting up families and pressuring recruits to break ties with their family of origin.

During the Watergate scandal in the early 1970s Moon ran full-page adverts defending US President Richard Nixon (1913 - 1994), and started the blatantly partisan Washington Times newspaper.  He was a heavy promoter and funder of those denying global warming and anti-environmentalist activity during the 1990s.  He was supposedly strongly in favour of conservative family values, which is rather ironic considering he was reputed to be a serial adulterer and fornicator who had three wives in succession giving birth to a total of 16 children.

In March 1999, the Washington Post reported that ‘the messiah’ owned the lucrative Kahr Arms Company1.  Moon also co-founded a political front group called the American Freedom Coalition.  In 2009 Sun Myung Moon appointed his daughter, In Jin Moon, president of the Unification Church of the United States.

Following the 2011 Japanese earthquake and tsunamis, Moon blamed the disaster upon the Japanese people, claiming it was divine punishment for worshipping 'idols'.

Part of Moon's influence can be attributed to his wealth -- before arriving in the USA he had built a successful media empire in Korea.  The Unification Church's total wealth is a secret, but its land holdings in South Korea were valued at more than $1 billion in 1990, according to a study by the Far Eastern Economic Review.  Church owned businesses in the United States include media and entertainment, fishing and sea food distribution, hotels and real estate, and much more.

1 Kahr Arms is an American small arms manufacturer founded by Justin Moon, son of Sun Myung Moon (the founder of the Unification Church) who currently serves as CEO and President.

Unitarianism Unitarianism is an open-minded and welcoming approach to a faith encouraging individual freedom, equality for all and rational thought.  There is no list of things that Unitarians must believe or believe in; instead they consider everyone has the right to reach their own conclusions.

They view different opinions and lifestyles as valuable and enriching, and don't discriminate on grounds of gender age, race, religion or sexual orientation.  Although Unitarianism has its roots in Jewish and Christian traditions it is open to insights from all faiths, science, the arts, the natural world and everyday living.

Unitarians welcome anyone with an open mind who: shares their tolerant and inclusive views; embraces the freedom of being in a faith community that doesn't impose creeds or specific beliefs; bases their approach not on dogma but on reason.

United Nations (UN) The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organisation whose role is to create and maintain international order.  As a replacement for the ineffective League of Nations, the UN was established on 24 October 1945 after WWII with the aim of preventing any other such conflict.  At its founding, there were 51 member states, whereas now there are 193.  The headquarters is in Manhattan, New York City, and is subject to extraterritoriality -- the state of being exempted from the jurisdiction of local law, usually as the result of diplomatic negotiations.  Extraterritoriality can also be applied to physical places, such as foreign embassies, military bases of foreign countries, or offices of the United Nations.  Other main offices are in Geneva, Nairobi, and Vienna.

The UN is financed by assessed and voluntary contributions from its member states.  Its objectives include maintaining international peace and security, promoting human rights, fostering social and economic development, protecting the environment, and providing humanitarian aid in cases of famine, natural disaster, and armed conflict.  It is the largest, most familiar, most internationally represented and most powerful intergovernmental organisation in the world.

The UN Charter was drafted at a conference in San Francisco in 1945 and was signed on 26 June of that year at its conclusion.  The UN's mission to preserve world peace was complicated in its early decades by the Cold War between the United States and Soviet Union and their respective allies.  The organisation participated in major actions in Korea and the Congo, as well as approving the creation of the Israeli state in 1947.

The organisation's membership grew significantly following widespread decolonisation in the 1960s, and by the 1970s its budget for economic and social development programmes far outstripped its spending on peacekeeping.  Following the end of the Cold War, the UN took on major military and peacekeeping missions across the world with varying degrees of success.

The UN won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2001.  Other evaluations of the organisation's effectiveness have been mixed -- some commentators believe it to be an important force for peace and human development, while others have called it ineffective, corrupt, or biased.

Unknown & All Other Religions This symbol covers them all.

Uraeus The Uraeus is the serpent emblem found in Egyptian portrayals of royalty and deity.  It is a symbol of divine authority, representing the goddess Wadjet (various spellings) as the All-seeing Eye of Ra, who was believed to protect the pharaohs by spitting fire, and the emblem of the Lower Kingdom of Egypt.  According to legend, the cobra was given to the pharaohs as a sign of kingship by Geb.

The pharaohs wore the Uraeus as a head ornament, either with the body of Wadjet atop the head, or as a crown encircling the head.  This indicated Wadjet's protection and reinforced the pharaoh's claim over the land.  In whatever manner the Uraeus was displayed upon the pharaoh's head, it was, in effect, part of his crown.  The pharaoh was recognised only by the wearing of the Uraeus, which conveyed legitimacy to the ruler.

Uranus Uranus is the seventh planet from the Sun.  While being 'visible' to the naked eye, it was not recognised as a planet due to its light being dim and its slow orbit.  Uranus became the first planet discovered by William Herschel on 13 March 1981 with the use of his homemade 6.2" reflecting telescope.  The planet is tipped over on its side with an axial tilt of 98 degrees, and is often described as 'rolling around the Sun on its side'.

The symbol for Uranus is represented by combined devices indicating the Sun plus the spear of Mars.

Uranus was the personification of heaven in Greek mythology, dominated by the light of the Sun and the power of Mars.  In astrology, Uranus is the ruler of Aquarius.

Utu See Shamash.

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